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  • Writer's pictureBrian R. Schobel, CPA

6 Types of Financial Statements: A Snapshot of Your Business Health

Financial statements serve as a business's fiscal report card, offering invaluable insights to managers, investors, and creditors. Here's a quick rundown of six key financial statements and what they tell you about your business.

1. Balance Sheet

What It Reveals: A balance sheet showcases a company's assets, liabilities, and equity at a specific point. It's crucial for assessing a business's overall financial health, including its liquidity and solvency.

2. Income Statement

What It Reveals: Also known as the Profit and Loss Statement, it displays revenues, expenses, and profits or losses over a period (quarterly or yearly). It's a primary resource for evaluating profitability.

3. Cash Flow Statement

What It Reveals: This statement tracks cash inflows and outflows from operations, investments, and financing. It's essential for gauging a company's liquidity and its ability to meet short-term obligations.

4. Statement of Changes in Equity

What It Reveals: This outlines shifts in shareholders' equity over a period, impacted by factors like share issuances or buybacks and retained earnings. It's useful for understanding how ownership is evolving.

5. Notes to Financial Statements

What It Reveals: These notes offer additional context to the other financial statements, detailing accounting methods, commitments, and contingencies that impact financial performance.

6. Statement of Comprehensive Income

What It Reveals: This statement combines the Income Statement with other financial gains or losses to provide a more complete financial picture, including unrealized gains or losses.


Understanding these various financial statements is essential for a complete view of your business's financial health. Each offers invaluable insights for decision-making and future planning. Consistently reviewing these documents is crucial for your business's financial stability.

Need Expert Guidance on Your Financial Statements?

At BRS CPA, we can help you make sense of these crucial financial documents. We're more than just accountants; we're your business partners in financial success. Contact us today to find out how we can assist you.

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